After grinding through the difficult and the exasperating parts of the Cornish language, you have finally reached the stage where you are capable enough to understand how to construct an entire sentence. Constructing sentences is relatively simple. We have eased up the process for you big time, along with examples in each section to ensure better understanding.
A sentence structure can be of five types, namely the normal order, the negative and interrogative, dependent sentences or subordinate clauses, the infinitive, and the tenses. We will discuss these types of sentences in brief.
- The Normal Order:
- Subject – Verb – Object: Dew a gar an bês (God loveth the world).
- Subject – Particle – Object – Verb: Dew a’th gar (God loveth thee).
- Subject – Particle – Auxiliary – Pronoun: Dew a wra dha gara (God doth love thee).
- Auxiliary Verb – Subject – Participle of Main Verb – Complement: Thov vî ow môs dhô Loundres (I am going to London).
- Negative and Interrogative Sentences: Negative Particle – Verb – Subject – Object OR Negative Particle – Auxiliary – Subject – Infinitive of Main Verb – Complement.
- Example 1 – Ni welav vî an dên (I do not see the man).
- Example 2 – Ni wrígav vî gwelas an dên (I did not see the man).
- Example 3 – A wrîgough why besca gwelas? (Did you ever see?).
- Example 4 – A wreugh why agan gwelas? (Do you see us?).
- Dependent Sentences or Subordinate Clauses: There are three types of those. They do not necessarily translate into proper English.
- Introduced by Conjunctions: Mar qwressa an dên deskes fîr-na gwelas hemma (If should that man learned wise see this).
- Analogous to the Accusative with the Infinitive: Ha cous ef dhe dhasserhy (And say that he rises).
- The Absolute Clause:
- An jy a ve gwarnes gan Dew, ha ’n jy ow cusca (They were warned by God while they slept).
- An delna ema stel ow tegy warnodha, heb wara dhodha teller vîth (so it is still closing in upon it without leaving it any place).
- The Infinitive or Verbal Noun: The infinitive of a verb could be utilized quite like a noun. For example, Mî a vedn môs dhô ’gas gwelas (I will go to see you). Take another example – Mî eth dhô vetya an trên (I went to meet the train).
- Tenses: The tenses are again divided into the present, the future, the preterite, and the subjunctive.
- The Present: Singular – ath ĕs, Plural – as bes.
- The Future: Singular – am bedh, Plural – an bedh.
- The Preterite: Singular – am bê, Plural – an bê.
- The Subjunctive: Singular – am bo, Plural – an bo.
If we go by the general structure, a simple sentence is quite easy to construct. You just need to add a noun after the article and an adjective after the word is.
- An chi yw rudh where An is the article The and yw is is. The entire sentence translates into The house is red.
Once you get a hang of simple sentences, you will find that a complex sentence is easy to construct as well. It contains an independent clause and a dependent clause. Admittedly, the sentence structure is difficult to understand the first time around, but by reading the entire article again, I assure you that you will find it quite simple the second time around.